How is quantum entanglement a solution to energy transmission losses?

December 17, 2017

Abstract

 

When physics comes into the fold, size does matter. In our paper, we review an old trait of quantum physics, entanglement. It is being tested today and holds the promise of zero electricity transmission-loss while having the added advantage of performing it wirelessly. To be fair, the amount of energy lost in transmission is the main reason why most consumers are not adequately provided with electricity. Quantum entanglement's properties can allow such issues to be nullified and truly deliver electricity to its fullest. That is the very essence of our research: - how is quantum entanglement the best possible solution to our transmission losses.

 

Keywords: quantum entanglement, energy transmission losses, energy production boost

 

Introduction

 

In this 21st century of fast-paced technological revolutions, seemingly everything now is powered by electricity. From entire automobile factories to the miniature smartphones in everyone's hands, everything is consuming electricity. If measured on the macroscale, the total global electricity production is almost 25000 TWh out of which only 21000 TWh reaches consumer appliances. [1] This 4000 TWh gap, which accounts for 16% of the total energy produced, is predominantly constituted by electrical energy loss either from the grid station or from the miles of connecting wires dangling from power pole to pole.

 

The population is constantly on the rise paving a path for 9.8 billion people by 2050 [2]. To shelter all those people, more efficient and advanced technologies will spring up which will no doubt require electricity to operate. We cannot achieve that promise of a utopian future with our current set-up of electricity handling. Newer and greener means of producing electricity will be instigated into our industries but still if a portion of that produce is lost in the name of less efficient equipment, then producing more electricity in the first place would have been aimless.

 

Today quantum entanglement has been proven to effectively transfer photons 1200 kilometers away via a pair of quantum-entangled photons. [3] China set up a 4000 meters high-altitude ground station in Ngari, Tibet and over a period of 32 days, they transmitted millions of photons from their station to their quantum satellite, Micius, orbiting 300 miles above and found 911 cases to be successful. Replicating their experiment, electrons instead of photons can be transmitted wirelessly to put an end to transmission losses and allowing efficient electricity distribution to every corner of the globe for smooth industrial growth.

 

What is quantum entanglement?

 

When quantum entanglement is defined in terms of static particles: two particles are known to be entangled if their states are in direct dependency with one another and so, in theory, have to be described with reference to one another. In layman terms, an entangled system of two or more objects is one whose individual states and characteristics cannot be noted due to it being influenced by others. But in essence, it can be portrayed when the states are mentioned as one single aggregate.

In this research paper we will be presenting our take on this phenomenon; how it can cut short our transmission losses and in the end we scratch the surface of how it can be used in exponentially increasing the potential of power generation.

 

The mechanics of quantum entanglement

 

Quantum systems can end up plainly ensnared through different sorts of methods. For some methods in which the cohesion might be accomplished for test purposes, ensnarement is broken when the entrapped particles leave through entanglement with other particles.

 

For instance in entanglement, a subatomic molecule morphs into a trapped combination of different particles. This follows the different preservation laws, and accordingly, the estimation results of one molecule must be similar to the estimation results of the other molecule (so the aggregate momenta, precise momenta, vitality etc. remains generally the same. For example, a spin zero molecule could morph into a couple of spin ½ particles.

 

The extraordinary property of this mechanic can be better illustrated in the event that we isolate the two particles. Presently, in the event that we measure a specific variable for one of these particles (say, for instance, spin), get an outcome, and after that measure the other molecule utilizing a similar standard (spin along a similar pivot), we find that the consequence of the spin of the second molecule will coordinate (in a reciprocal sense) to the effect of the estimation of the main molecule, in that they will be inverse in their qualities. An established framework would show a similar property, and a variable hypothesis would positively be required to do as such, in view of protection of precise force in traditional and quantum mechanics alike. The distinction is that an established framework has unequivocal spins for all the observables from the start, while the quantum framework does not. It might be said to be talked about beneath, the quantum framework considered here appears to procure a likelihood conveyance for the result of an estimation of the spin along any pivot of the other endless supply of the main molecule.

 

The results not only yield insights into a long-standing question in theoretical physics but also may help scientists understand how to store information at the smallest possible scales, which would open vast new realms of computing power. Through co-operation with the quantum structure of the photons, there is little sufficiency for a solitary photon to change to a changing spin of multiparticle states. With high likelihood, a resultant two-molecule state will be trapped, as in it can't be calculated into a solitary tensor result of two single-molecule states. When all is said in done, the nature of the subsequent trapped states relies upon the rationed amounts related with the association with the beam. It is likewise conceivable to deliver a trapped state through a worldwide change on a framework in a way that does not include associations between the constituent particles. For instance, since the |++⟩|++⟩ and (1/N)(|+−⟩+|−+⟩)(1/N)(|+−⟩+|−+⟩) two-spin states are both in the triplet portrayal of SO(3)SO(3), it is conceivable to discover a gathering component of SO(3)SO(3) that maps the tensor item state to the snared state, in this way "delivering" an entrapped state (but in an exceptionally created route: fundamentally, there's a method for taking a gander at the reducible |++⟩|++⟩ state to such an extent that it seems, by all accounts, to be caught).

 

All in all, entangling the particles can be achieved either by reacting two particles together in a hadron collider or by passing a highly concentrated beam of energy through them.

 

Power Transmission

 

Taking into account this phenomenon, we can use it to transport energy. When two particles are entangled they share their states, so if we entangle electrons they can be used to transport electricity. Electricity is the flow of electrons and these electrons can be entangled by any of the two mentioned methods. For transportation, electrons and the phenomenon of Coulomb interaction can be used. Coulomb interaction is the electrostatic interactions between electric charges and follows the Coulomb's law, which is the basis of classical electrodynamics. In general, Coulomb interaction can manifest itself on various scales from microscopic particles to macroscopic bodies. The microscopic theory of Coulomb interaction has been developed in the frame of quantum field theory.

 

Once the electrons are separated they can be programmed as carriers to carry simple Q-bits from area to area. The magnitude of the electrostatic force of attraction between two points is directly proportional to the product of the magnitudes of charges and inversely proportional to the square of the distance between them.

The force is along the straight line joining them. If the two charges have the same sign, the electrostatic force between them is repulsive; if they have different signs, the force is attractive. Once the electrons at the generation plants are entangled they can be transmitted from the grid station terminal to district terminals hence producing a current in the process, with no limitations.

 

Boosting electricity production

 

Another way in which quantum entanglement can be used relative to energy is power generation. In quantum physics, entangled particles remain connected so that actions performed on one affect the other, even when separated by great distances. The phenomenon was called ‘spukhafte Fernwirkung' or ‘spooky action at a distance' by Albert Einstein.

 

The rules of quantum physics state that an unobserved photon exists in all possible states simultaneously but when measured they exhibit only one state. The spin is known as an axis of rotation, but actual particles do not change orientation. For example when observed one number is only influenced by itself, but when we see quantum level matter then we can conclude that one particle is intent and can influence the other, such as the points across a secant on a graph.

 

For example, we can analogize one unit of energy to a Q bit, according to the quantum computing phenomenon is equal to 2^Q bits, so 1 joule, which is influenced by a spin, is equal to 2^1 joules.

 

10 Qjoules= 2^10 joules.

 

But if we go to the photonic nature of solar panels we can conclude that while the energy will be great once these photons are concentrated and orientated by solar light magnification at a certain point, they will exponentially increase the amount of energy that is created by one photon as it will be acting as if it was powered by the heat energy present in 2 photons.

 

A photon is a basic piece of an electromagnetic wave, hence it can be "polarized" so that its electric field focuses vertically or on a level plane. On account of the unusual quality of quantum mechanics, the photon can likewise be in both states without a moment's delay—so the photon can actually be energized both vertically and evenly in the meantime. The measures of vertical and flat help characterize the condition of the photon.

 

This process can help us effectively and exponentially increase the yield of the energy product and transport the energy easily.

 

Practicality study

 

The methods mentioned above can easily and effectively transfer whole amounts of electrical energy with zero quantity loss. The advantages associated with the technology are immensely useful in context to our current advancement streak: -

  • The costs of mile-long durable transmission lines are diminished for the generation-to-consumption point run.

  • 10% of the produced electrical energy is lost from the grid station too which can be reduced when overloading is controlled after implementing transmitting terminals instead of hundreds of transmission poles around the station itself. [4]

  • These terminals will be able to wirelessly transfer electrical energy to the districts; owing to atmospheric intervention in the city area, the inside-district transmission will be carried out by conventional wires but the entire process would have saved a high factor of energy which would have been otherwise lost completely.

  • The dangers associated with the high-voltage wires and poles i.e. car accidents etc. are completely avoided with the introduction of wireless energy transfer.

  • The part of the energy that is lost as heat energy is minimized up to the point where some heat is lost in the entanglement process.

  • It is economical as the only running costs required will be of controlling the terminals.

There is seemingly no setback to the technology currently. The terminals will, of course, require expert management and maintenance and with those essentials we can, perhaps, fulfill our requirements with the current amount of electricity produced itself. Other than preserving energy, quantum entanglement has a key role to play in future communication technologies owing to its special properties. When analyzing the pros and cons of implementing the set-up in our current system, we will only come across benefits and hardly any setbacks once we have mastered the reigns of the quantum realm.

 

References

 

[1] https://yearbook.enerdata.net/electricity/electricity-domestic-consumption-data.html

[2] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Projections_of_population_growth

[3] https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/china-shatters-ldquo-spooky-action-at-a-distance-rdquo-record-preps-for-quantum-internet/

[4] http://insideenergy.org/2015/11/06/lost-in-transmission-how-much-electricity-disappears-between-a-power-plant-and-your-plug/

 

 

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